Effect of rTMS on Resting State Brain Activity in Tinnitus
One out of every five people experiences tinnitus (a ringing, buzzing, or roaring sound in the ear) ranging from mild to severe impairment. To date, there are no effective therapies available that have been shown to decrease tinnitus awareness. The purpose of this study is to evaluate a treatment option for tinnitus that uses a technique called Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS), which could prove to be an effective means of alleviating or reducing the symptoms of tinnitus.
- Eligible Ages
- Between 19 Years and 89 Years
- Eligible Genders
- Accepts Healthy Volunteers
per protocol and informed consent: - Diagnosis of tinnitus established through a history and physical exam or review of records. - Subjects 19-89 years of age - Tinnitus present for at least 6 months and severe enough to seek medical attention - Subjects taking SSRI's (a class of anti-depressant medications)and benzodiazepines (a class of anti-anxiety medications) for depression or anxiety related to tinnitus must be stable on their current dose for at least 3 months and must not alter their dose or medication during their involvement with this study - Subjects must agree to avoid consuming alcohol within 72 hours of each rTMS session - Female subjects of childbearing potential must demonstrate a negative pregnancy test during their initial clinic visit and must agree to use effective contraception during their participation in this study - Subjects must sign an informed consent and agree to comply with study and follow-up procedures, including completion of all necessary questionnaires and testing, as well as, being video-recorded for safety purposes during rTMS sessions - Subjects must speak and comprehend English adequately to understand and complete any study-related instructions and questionnaires
per protocol and informed consent: For rTMS - Subjects or any of their 1st-degree relatives must not have been diagnosed with epilepsy - Subjects must not have a history of seizure disorder or migraines - Subjects must not have any history of a brain aneurysm, stroke, previous cranial neurosurgery, acoustic neuroma, glomus tumor, active Menniere's Disease, profound hearing loss (greater than 90 dB at 4000 Hz), or any major neurological or psychiatric disorders (excluding depression or anxiety related to tinnitus) - Medications that lower seizure threshold or reduce cortical excitation (i.e., tricyclic antidepressants, bupropion or anticonvulsants) - Subjects must not have any history of a head injury that resulted in a loss of consciousness for more than 10 minutes - Subjects must not be pregnant or refuse to utilize effective contraception during their participation in this study For MRI - Subjects must not have any metal implants or devices in the head or neck or a pacemaker. - Subjects must not have severe claustrophobia if they are to have an MRI. - Significant abnormalities must not be present on acquired or existing CT or MRI image of the head.
- Study Type
- Intervention Model
- Crossover Assignment
- Primary Purpose
- Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Sham followed by active 1Hz, then active 10Hz rTMS
|Subjects assigned to this arm received sham rTMS followed by active rTMS at 1Hz and then active rTMS at 10 Hz. Each treatment consisted of a four-day trial with no less than 21 days separating each condition. Subjects receive sham stimulation first to prevent carry forward effects of the active treatment condition into the sham condition.||
Sham followed by active 10Hz and active 1Hz rTMS
|Subjects assigned to this arm received sham rTMS followed by active rTMS at 10 Hz and then active rTMS at 1 Hz. Each treatment consisted of a four-day trial with no less than 21 days separating each condition. Subjects receive sham stimulation first to prevent carry forward effects of the active treatment condition into the sham condition.||
- NCT ID
- University of Arkansas
Up to 60 subjects, including males and females ages 19-89 years old and of all races, and with tinnitus severe enough to seek medical attention, will be enrolled in this study. All participants must be evaluated or have documentation of being evaluated prior to beginning therapy with rTMS in order to confirm eligibility and to rule out any medically treatable causes of tinnitus. An MRI scan of the head may or may not be required, depending upon the results of this evaluation, in order to rule out specific middle ear pathologies. This study will require participation in at least three weeks (4 weekdays per week) of rTMS sessions, including two active weeks and a sham (or placebo) week. There will be a three week washout period following each treatment week. At the completion of the three treatment weeks, subjects who have noticed an improvement in their tinnitus will have the option of participating in a maintenance rTMS program providing up to 8 additional weeks of treatment.