103 matching studies

Study is registered in ResearchMatch
Sponsor Condition of Interest
Pragmatic Evaluation of Events And Benefits of Lipid-lowering in Older Adults
Duke University Cognitive Impairment, Mild Dementia Cardiovascular Diseases
PREVENTABLE is a multi-center, randomized, parallel group, placebo-controlled superiority study. Participants will be randomized 1:1 to atorvastatin 40 mg or placebo. This large study conducted in community-dwelling older adults without cardiovascular disease (CVD) or dementia will demonstrate the... expand

PREVENTABLE is a multi-center, randomized, parallel group, placebo-controlled superiority study. Participants will be randomized 1:1 to atorvastatin 40 mg or placebo. This large study conducted in community-dwelling older adults without cardiovascular disease (CVD) or dementia will demonstrate the benefit of statins for reducing the primary composite of death, dementia, and persistent disability and secondary composites including mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and cardiovascular events.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Sep 2020

open study

Two Studies for Patients With High Risk Prostate Cancer Testing Less Intense Treatment for Patients With...
NRG Oncology Metastatic Malignant Neoplasm in the Bone Prostate Adenocarcinoma Stage III Prostate Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIA Prostate Cancer AJCC v8 Stage IIIB Prostate Cancer AJCC v8
This phase III trial compares less intense hormone therapy and radiation therapy to usual hormone therapy and radiation therapy in treating patients with high risk prostate cancer and low gene risk score. This trial also compares more intense hormone therapy and radiation therapy to usual hormone... expand

This phase III trial compares less intense hormone therapy and radiation therapy to usual hormone therapy and radiation therapy in treating patients with high risk prostate cancer and low gene risk score. This trial also compares more intense hormone therapy and radiation therapy to usual hormone therapy and radiation therapy in patients with high risk prostate cancer and high gene risk score. Apalutamide may help fight prostate cancer by blocking the use of androgen by the tumor cells. Radiation therapy uses high energy rays to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Giving a shorter hormone therapy treatment may work the same at controlling prostate cancer compared to the usual 24 month hormone therapy treatment in patients with low gene risk score. Adding apalutamide to the usual treatment may increase the length of time without prostate cancer spreading as compared to the usual treatment in patients with high gene risk score.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2020

open study

Using Virtual Reality Technology to Improve Patient Experience and Quality of Care During Brachytherapy
University of Arkansas Endocervical Cancer
The primary objective is to demonstrate the feasibility of incorporating VR distraction into the brachytherapy and radiotherapy clinical workflow. The secondary objective is to determine if VR distraction during brachytherapy treatment for cervical cancer improves subjects' satisfaction, procedural/acute... expand

The primary objective is to demonstrate the feasibility of incorporating VR distraction into the brachytherapy and radiotherapy clinical workflow. The secondary objective is to determine if VR distraction during brachytherapy treatment for cervical cancer improves subjects' satisfaction, procedural/acute pain, and need for analgesics or anxiolytics.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2022

open study

Amplatzer Amulet LAAO vs. NOAC
Abbott Medical Devices Atrial Fibrillation Stroke Bleeding
The objective of this trial is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Amulet LAA occluder compared to NOAC therapy in patients with non-valvular AF at increased risk for ischemic stroke and who are recommended for long-term NOAC therapy. The clinical investigation is a prospective, randomized,... expand

The objective of this trial is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Amulet LAA occluder compared to NOAC therapy in patients with non-valvular AF at increased risk for ischemic stroke and who are recommended for long-term NOAC therapy. The clinical investigation is a prospective, randomized, multicenter active control worldwide trial. Subjects will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio between the Amulet LAA occlusion device ("Device Group") and a commercially available NOAC medication ("Control Group"). The choice of NOAC in the Control Group will be left to study physician discretion.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2020

open study

Evaluation of Dosing Procedures of Chemotherapy Treatment (Carboplatin) With the Contrast Agent Iohexol
NRG Oncology Malignant Solid Neoplasm
This trial studies how well iohexol works in helping doctors calculate the dose of carboplatin given to patients with cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by... expand

This trial studies how well iohexol works in helping doctors calculate the dose of carboplatin given to patients with cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Understanding how to best calculate the dose of carboplatin given to patients with cancer may help doctors learn how to improve the use of carboplatin in the future.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2020

open study

A Study of TAR-200 in Combination With Cetrelimab and Cetrelimab Alone in Participants With Muscle-Invasive...
Janssen Research & Development, LLC Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the anti-tumor effects of TAR-200 in combination with intravenous (IV) cetrelimab and IV cetrelimab alone. expand

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the anti-tumor effects of TAR-200 in combination with intravenous (IV) cetrelimab and IV cetrelimab alone.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jul 2022

open study

Digital Tomosynthesis Mammography and Digital Mammography in Screening Patients for Breast Cancer
ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group Breast Screening
This randomized phase III trial studies digital tomosynthesis mammography and digital mammography in screening patients for breast cancer. Screening for breast cancer with tomosynthesis mammography may be superior to digital mammography for breast cancer screening and may help reduce the need for... expand

This randomized phase III trial studies digital tomosynthesis mammography and digital mammography in screening patients for breast cancer. Screening for breast cancer with tomosynthesis mammography may be superior to digital mammography for breast cancer screening and may help reduce the need for additional imaging or treatment.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Sep 2017

open study

Trial of Nab-Sirolimus in Combination With Letrozole in Patients With Advanced or Recurrent Endometrioid...
Aadi Bioscience, Inc. Endometrial Cancer Endometrioid Tumor Cancer Tumor Recurrent Endometrial Carcinoma
A Phase 2 Multi-center Open-label Trial of nab-Sirolimus in Combination with Letrozole in Advanced or Recurrent Endometrioid Endometrial Cancer expand

A Phase 2 Multi-center Open-label Trial of nab-Sirolimus in Combination with Letrozole in Advanced or Recurrent Endometrioid Endometrial Cancer

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2023

open study

Testing Drug Treatments After CAR T-cell Therapy in Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Diffuse Large B-cell...
SWOG Cancer Research Network Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Grade 3b Follicular Lymphoma Primary Mediastinal (Thymic) Large B-Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Refractory Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma
This phase II trial tests whether mosunetuzumab and/or polatuzumab vedotin helps benefit patients who have received chemotherapy (fludarabine and cyclophosphamide) followed by chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy (tisagenlecleucel, axicabtagene ciloleucel, or lisocabtagene maraleucel) for... expand

This phase II trial tests whether mosunetuzumab and/or polatuzumab vedotin helps benefit patients who have received chemotherapy (fludarabine and cyclophosphamide) followed by chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy (tisagenlecleucel, axicabtagene ciloleucel, or lisocabtagene maraleucel) for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma that has come back (recurrent) or that does not respond to treatment (refractory) or grade IIIb follicular lymphoma. Mosunetuzumab is a monoclonal antibody that may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Polatuzumab vedotin is a monoclonal antibody, called polatuzumab, linked to a drug called vedotin. Polatuzumab is a form of targeted therapy because it attaches to specific molecules (receptors) on the surface of cancer cells, and delivers vedotin to kill them. Chemotherapy drugs, such as fludarabine and cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. CAR T-cell therapy is a type of treatment in which a patient's T cells (a type of immune system cell) are changed in the laboratory so they will attack cancer cells. T cells are taken from a patient's blood. Then the gene for a special receptor that binds to a certain protein on the patient's cancer cells is added to the T cells in the laboratory. The special receptor is called a chimeric antigen receptor. Large numbers of the CAR T cells are grown in the laboratory and given to the patient by infusion for treatment of certain cancers. Giving mosunetuzumab and/or polatuzumab vedotin after chemotherapy and CAR T-cell therapy may be more effective at controlling or shrinking the cancer than not giving them.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2023

open study

Comparing Combinations of Drugs to Treat Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma (NDMM) When a Stem Cell Transplant...
SWOG Cancer Research Network Plasma Cell Myeloma
This phase III trial compares three-drug induction regimens followed by double-or single-drug maintenance therapy for the treatment of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma in patients who are not receiving a stem cell transplant and are considered frail or intermediate-fit based on age, comorbidities,... expand

This phase III trial compares three-drug induction regimens followed by double-or single-drug maintenance therapy for the treatment of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma in patients who are not receiving a stem cell transplant and are considered frail or intermediate-fit based on age, comorbidities, and functional status. Treatment for multiple myeloma includes initial treatment (induction) which is the first treatment a patient receives for cancer followed by ongoing treatment (maintenance) which is given after initial treatment to help keep the cancer from coming back. There are three combinations of four different drugs being studied. Bortezomib is one of the drugs that may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Lenalidomide works by helping bone marrow to produce normal blood cells and killing cancer cells. Anti-inflammatory drugs, such as dexamethasone, lower the body's immune response and are used with other drugs in the treatment of some types of cancer. Daratumumab and hyaluronidase-fihj is a monoclonal antibody that may interfere with the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Patients receive 1 of 3 combinations of these drugs for treatment to determine which combination of study drugs works better to shrink and control multiple myeloma.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2023

open study

Phase 1b Study of SL-172154 Administered With Combination Agent(s) in Subjects With Ovarian Cancers
Shattuck Labs, Inc. Platinum-resistant Ovarian Cancer Fallopian Tube Cancer Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Ovarian Cancer Platinum-Resistant Fallopian Tube Carcinoma
SL03-OHD-105 is an open-label, multicenter, phase 1b trial designed to evaluate SL-172154 administered in combination with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) or mirvetuximab soravtansine (MIRV) in patients with platinum resistant ovarian cancer. Approximately 102 patients will be enrolled in this... expand

SL03-OHD-105 is an open-label, multicenter, phase 1b trial designed to evaluate SL-172154 administered in combination with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) or mirvetuximab soravtansine (MIRV) in patients with platinum resistant ovarian cancer. Approximately 102 patients will be enrolled in this study in two phases: dose escalation and dose expansion.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2022

open study

Daily Adaptive Radiation Therapy an Individualized Approach for Carcinoma of the Cervix
Varian, a Siemens Healthineers Company Cervical Cancer by FIGO Stage 2018
This is a single-arm, prospective, multi-center clinical trial designed to demonstrate that adaptive radiotherapy for locally advanced cervical cancer will translate into a decreased rate of acute gastrointestinal toxicity compared with the historically reported rate for non-adaptive intensity modulated... expand

This is a single-arm, prospective, multi-center clinical trial designed to demonstrate that adaptive radiotherapy for locally advanced cervical cancer will translate into a decreased rate of acute gastrointestinal toxicity compared with the historically reported rate for non-adaptive intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). The timepoint for this assessment will be at week 5 of external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) and will use the Patient-Reported Outcomes version of the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (PRO-CTCAE).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2022

open study

Parkinson's Foundation PD GENEration Genetic Registry
Parkinson's Foundation Parkinson's Disease
Development of a central repository for PD-related genomic data for future research. expand

Development of a central repository for PD-related genomic data for future research.

Type: Observational [Patient Registry]

Start Date: Dec 2020

open study

Study of IDE397 in Participants With Solid Tumors Harboring MTAP Deletion
IDEAYA Biosciences Solid Tumor
This is a Phase 1, open-label, multicenter, dose escalation and expansion study of the safety, PK, PD, and preliminary anti-tumor activity of IDE397 as a single agent and in combination with other anticancer agents including taxanes (docetaxel, paclitaxel), or sacituzumab govitecan (SG), in adult... expand

This is a Phase 1, open-label, multicenter, dose escalation and expansion study of the safety, PK, PD, and preliminary anti-tumor activity of IDE397 as a single agent and in combination with other anticancer agents including taxanes (docetaxel, paclitaxel), or sacituzumab govitecan (SG), in adult patients with selected advanced or metastatic MTAP-deleted advanced solid tumors who are unresponsive to standard of care therapy. IDE397 is a small molecule inhibitor of methionine adenosyltransferase 2 alpha (MAT2A).

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2021

open study

Letrozole With or Without Paclitaxel and Carboplatin in Treating Patients With Stage II-IV Ovarian, Fallopian...
NRG Oncology Low Grade Fallopian Tube Serous Adenocarcinoma Ovarian Low Grade Serous Adenocarcinoma Primary Peritoneal Low Grade Serous Adenocarcinoma Stage II Fallopian Tube Cancer AJCC v8 Stage II Ovarian Cancer AJCC v8
This phase III trial studies how well letrozole with or without paclitaxel and carboplatin works in treating patients with stage II-IV low-grade serous carcinoma of the ovary, fallopian tube, or peritoneum. Letrozole is an enzyme inhibitor that lowers the amount of estrogen made by the body which... expand

This phase III trial studies how well letrozole with or without paclitaxel and carboplatin works in treating patients with stage II-IV low-grade serous carcinoma of the ovary, fallopian tube, or peritoneum. Letrozole is an enzyme inhibitor that lowers the amount of estrogen made by the body which in turn may stop the growth of tumor cells that need estrogen to grow. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel and carboplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. It is not yet known whether giving letrozole alone or in combination with paclitaxel and carboplatin works better in treating patients with low-grade serous carcinoma of the ovary, fallopian tube, or peritoneum compared to paclitaxel and carboplatin without letrozole.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Sep 2019

open study

Pembrolizumab vs. Observation in People With Triple-negative Breast Cancer Who Had a Pathologic Complete...
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology Anatomic Stage I Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Anatomic Stage II Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Anatomic Stage III Breast Cancer AJCC v8 Early Stage Triple-Negative Breast Carcinoma
The phase III trial compares the effect of pembrolizumab to observation for the treatment of patients with early-stage triple-negative breast cancer who achieved a pathologic complete response after preoperative chemotherapy in combination with pembrolizumab. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies,... expand

The phase III trial compares the effect of pembrolizumab to observation for the treatment of patients with early-stage triple-negative breast cancer who achieved a pathologic complete response after preoperative chemotherapy in combination with pembrolizumab. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. This trial may help researchers determine if observation will result in the same risk of cancer coming back as pembrolizumab after surgery in triple-negative breast cancer patients who achieve pathologic complete response after preoperative chemotherapy with pembrolizumab.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2023

open study

ABTECT-1 - ABX464 Treatment Evaluation for Ulcerative Colitis Therapy -1
Abivax S.A. Ulcerative Colitis
This is a multicenter, randomized, placebo controlled study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ABX464 given at 25 or 50 mg QD in inducing clinical remission in subjects with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis who have inadequate response, no response, a loss of response, or an intolerance... expand

This is a multicenter, randomized, placebo controlled study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ABX464 given at 25 or 50 mg QD in inducing clinical remission in subjects with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis who have inadequate response, no response, a loss of response, or an intolerance to either conventional therapies [corticosteroids, immunosuppressant (i.e. azathioprine, 6-mercaptopurine, methotrexate)] and/or advanced therapies [biologics (TNF inhibitors, anti-integrins, anti-IL-23), and/or S1P receptor modulators, and/or JAK inhibitors].

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2022

open study

Testing the Addition of Trastuzumab or Trastuzumab/Pertuzumab to the Usual Chemotherapy for HER2 Positive...
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Endometrial Serous Adenocarcinoma Uterine Corpus Carcinosarcoma
This phase II/III trial tests whether adding trastuzumab and hyaluronidase-oysk (Herceptin HylectaTM) or pertuzumab, trastuzumab and hyaluronidase-zzxf (PhesgoTM) to the usual chemotherapy (paclitaxel and carboplatin) works to shrink tumors in patients with HER2 positive endometrial serous carcinoma... expand

This phase II/III trial tests whether adding trastuzumab and hyaluronidase-oysk (Herceptin HylectaTM) or pertuzumab, trastuzumab and hyaluronidase-zzxf (PhesgoTM) to the usual chemotherapy (paclitaxel and carboplatin) works to shrink tumors in patients with HER2 positive endometrial serous carcinoma or carcinosarcoma. Trastuzumab and pertuzumab are monoclonal antibodies and forms of targeted therapy that attach to specific molecules (receptors) on the surface of tumor cells, known as HER2 receptors. When trastuzumab or pertuzumab attach to HER2 receptors, the signals that tell the cells to grow are blocked and the tumor cell may be marked for destruction by the body's immune system. Hyaluronidase is an endoglycosidase. It helps to keep pertuzumab and trastuzumab in the body longer, so that these medications will have a greater effect. Hyaluronidase also allows trastuzumab and trastuzumab/pertuzumab to be given by injection under the skin and shortens their administration time compared to trastuzumab or pertuzumab alone. Paclitaxel is a taxane and in a class of medications called antimicrotubule agents. It stops cancer cells from growing and dividing and may kill them. Carboplatin is in a class of medications known as platinum-containing compounds. It works in a way similar to the anticancer drug cisplatin, but may be better tolerated than cisplatin. Carboplatin works by killing, stopping or slowing the growth of tumor cells. Giving Herceptin Hylecta or Phesgo in combination with paclitaxel and carboplatin may shrink the tumor and prevent the cancer from coming back in patients with HER2 positive endometrial serous carcinoma or carcinosarcoma.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2022

open study

Fabry Disease Registry & Pregnancy Sub-registry
Genzyme, a Sanofi Company Fabry Disease
The Fabry Registry is an ongoing, international multi-center, strictly observational program that tracks the routine clinical outcomes for patients with Fabry disease, irrespective of treatment status. No experimental intervention is involved; patients in the Registry undergo clinical assessments... expand

The Fabry Registry is an ongoing, international multi-center, strictly observational program that tracks the routine clinical outcomes for patients with Fabry disease, irrespective of treatment status. No experimental intervention is involved; patients in the Registry undergo clinical assessments and receive care as determined by the patient's treating physician. The primary objectives of the Registry are: - To enhance the understanding of the variability, progression, and natural history of Fabry disease, including heterozygous females with the disease; - To assist the Fabry medical community with the development of recommendations for monitoring patients and reports on patient outcomes to help optimize patient care; - To characterize and describe the Fabry population as a whole; - To evaluate the long-term safety and effectiveness of Fabrazyme® Fabry Pregnancy Sub-registry: This Sub-registry is a multicenter, international, longitudinal, observational, and voluntary program designed to track pregnancy outcomes for any pregnant woman enrolled in the Fabry Registry, regardless of whether she is receiving disease-specific therapy (such as enzyme replacement therapy with agalsidase beta) and irrespective of the commercial product with which she may be treated. Data from the Sub-registry are also used to fulfill various global regulatory requirements, to support product development/reimbursement, and for other research and non-research-related purposes. No experimental intervention is given; thus a patient will undergo clinical assessments and receive standard of care treatment as determined by the patient's physician. If a patient consents to this Sub-registry, information about the patient's medical and obstetric history, pregnancy, and birth will be collected, and, if a patient consents to data collection for her infant, data on infant growth through month 36 postpartum will be collected.

Type: Observational [Patient Registry]

Start Date: Jul 2001

open study

Telehealth Multi-Component Optional Model (MOM) Study
University of Arkansas Maternal Health
The aim of this study is to conduct a comparative effectiveness evaluation using a randomized control trail design among diverse women to compare two postpartum care models: 1) Telehealth Multicomponent Optimal Model (Telehealth MOM) and 2) enhanced standard of care (ESoC). This study will address... expand

The aim of this study is to conduct a comparative effectiveness evaluation using a randomized control trail design among diverse women to compare two postpartum care models: 1) Telehealth Multicomponent Optimal Model (Telehealth MOM) and 2) enhanced standard of care (ESoC). This study will address critical gaps in knowledge about how best to deliver comprehensive postpartum care that ensures timely identification and treatment of complications and meets the needs and preferences of diverse patients, including disproportionately-impacted racial groups and rural residents.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2024

open study

Testing What Happens When an Immunotherapy Drug (Pembrolizumab) is Given by Itself Compared to the Usual...
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Recurrent Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma Recurrent Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Recurrent Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Recurrent Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma Recurrent Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
This phase II trial studies the effect of pembrolizumab alone compared to the usual approach (chemotherapy [cisplatin and carboplatin] plus radiation therapy) after surgery in treating patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma that has come back (recurrent) or patients with a second head... expand

This phase II trial studies the effect of pembrolizumab alone compared to the usual approach (chemotherapy [cisplatin and carboplatin] plus radiation therapy) after surgery in treating patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma that has come back (recurrent) or patients with a second head and neck cancer that is not from metastasis (primary). Radiation therapy uses high energy radiation or protons to kill tumor cells and shrink tumors. Cisplatin is in a class of medications known as platinum-containing compounds. It works by killing, stopping or slowing the growth of cancer cells. Carboplatin is also in a class of medications known as platinum-containing compounds. It works in a way similar to the anticancer drug cisplatin, but may be better tolerated than cisplatin. Carboplatin works by killing, stopping or slowing the growth of cancer cells. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as pembrolizumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving pembrolizumab alone after surgery may work better than the usual approach in shrinking recurrent or primary head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2021

open study

Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) Levels During Resuscitation of Preterm Infants at Birth (The...
Murdoch Childrens Research Institute Lung Injury Preterm Birth
Premature babies often need help immediately after birth to open their lungs to air, start breathing and keep their hearts beating. Opening their lungs can be difficult, and once open the under-developed lungs of premature babies will often collapse again between each breath. To prevent this nearly... expand

Premature babies often need help immediately after birth to open their lungs to air, start breathing and keep their hearts beating. Opening their lungs can be difficult, and once open the under-developed lungs of premature babies will often collapse again between each breath. To prevent this nearly all premature babies receive some form of mechanical respiratory support to aid breathing. Common to all types of respiratory support is the delivery of a treatment called positive end-expiratory pressure, or PEEP. PEEP gives air, or a mixture of air and oxygen, to the lung between each breath to keep the lungs open and stop them collapsing. Currently, clinicians do not have enough evidence on the right amount, or level, of PEEP to give at birth. As a result, doctors around the world give different amounts (or levels) of PEEP to premature babies at birth. In this study, the Investigators will look at 2 different approaches to PEEP to help premature babies during their first breaths at birth. At the moment, the Investigators do not know if one is better than the other. One is to give the same PEEP level to the lungs. The others is to give a high PEEP level at birth when the lungs are hardest to open and then decrease the PEEP later once the lungs are opened and the baby is breathing. Very premature babies have a risk of long-term lung disease (chronic lung disease). The more breathing support a premature baby needs, the more likely the risk of developing chronic lung disease. The Investigators want to find out whether one method of opening the baby's lungs at birth results in them needing less breathing support. This research has been initiated by a group of doctors from Australia, the Netherlands and the USA, all who look after premature babies.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2021

open study

Cerebral Hemorrhage Risk in Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia
Unity Health Toronto Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia
This study is one of the three projects of an NIH Rare Disease Clinical Research Consortium. A "consortium" is a group of centres sharing information and resources to perform research. The consortium research focuses on brain blood vessel malformations in three different rare diseases. The focus... expand

This study is one of the three projects of an NIH Rare Disease Clinical Research Consortium. A "consortium" is a group of centres sharing information and resources to perform research. The consortium research focuses on brain blood vessel malformations in three different rare diseases. The focus of this specific study is on Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT). HHT is a condition characterized by blood vessel malformations, called telangiectasia and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), occurring in the brain, nose, lungs, stomach, bowels and liver. Brain AVMs (BAVMs) in HHT are difficult to study because they are rare, affecting approximately 10% of people with HHT. While other types of BAVMs have been studied in depth, studies in the HHT population have been very small. Here, we propose the first large-scale collaboration by joining with 12 HHT Centers of Excellence in North America to perform a large study of risk factors for bleeding from BAVMs, called intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in HHT patients. The current standard of clinical practice across North America, is to screen all HHT patients for BAVMs with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). If BAVMs are detected, patients are referred to a multidisciplinary neurovascular team for consideration for treatment. Treatment decisions are made on a case by case basis, balancing risks of complications from the BAVM with risks of therapy, but are limited by the few studies available in HHT. We hope that the knowledge we obtain about the risk factors for intracranial bleeding in these patients from this larger study will help us to improve the care of HHT patients. We plan to study risk factors for rupture of BAVMs, including primarily genetics and imaging characteristics of the BAVMs. Knowledge about risk factors will help in the care and management of HHT patients. This will be achieved through the collection of health information to construct a HHT database, blood sampling and banking (through the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke [NINDS]), and through genetic analysis at the University of California San Francisco.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Apr 2010

open study

A Study of Dostarlimab in Untreated dMMR/MSI-H Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer
GlaxoSmithKline Neoplasms, Rectal
The purpose of this study is to investigate dostarlimab monotherapy in participants with locally advanced Mismatch-repair deficient (dMMR)/Microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) rectal cancer who have received no prior treatment. Participants who achieve complete clinical response (cCR) following... expand

The purpose of this study is to investigate dostarlimab monotherapy in participants with locally advanced Mismatch-repair deficient (dMMR)/Microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) rectal cancer who have received no prior treatment. Participants who achieve complete clinical response (cCR) following dostarlimab treatment will undergo non-operative management (NOM), including close surveillance for recurrent disease. The goal of the study is to determine if Dostarlimab therapy alone is an effective treatment that can allow participants to avoid chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2023

open study

Strength and Muscle Related Outcomes for Nutrition and Lung Function in CF
Jaeb Center for Health Research Cystic Fibrosis
The goal of the study is to examine multiple markers of anthropometrics, body composition, sarcopenia and frailty and compare them to dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) output, which is considered the current clinical gold-standard tool to measure body composition. The result of this study will... expand

The goal of the study is to examine multiple markers of anthropometrics, body composition, sarcopenia and frailty and compare them to dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) output, which is considered the current clinical gold-standard tool to measure body composition. The result of this study will provide detailed data regarding the nutrition and body composition within this Cystic Fibrosis population and also provide a baseline evaluation for use of these biomarkers in the future studies including evaluation of nutritional intervention. Further, the study will also include psychosocial and other patient-reported outcomes and medical contributors to understand their contributions to the nutritional failure in the adult advanced lung disease population. Finally, the study will evaluate both established and emerging nutritional and body composition parameters and link them to clinical outcomes in adults with CF across the spectrum of pulmonary function.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Apr 2023

open study